A Meta-Learning Approach for Graph Representation Learning in Multi-Task Settings

NeurIPS 2020

Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) are a framework for graph representation learning, where a model learns to generate low dimensional node embeddings that encapsulate structural and feature-related information. GNNs are usually trained in an end-to-end fashion, leading to highly specialized node embeddings. However, generating node embeddings that can be used to perform multiple tasks (with performance comparable to single-task models) is an open problem. We propose a novel meta-learning strategy capable of producing multi-task node embeddings. Our method avoids the difficulties arising when learning to perform multiple tasks concurrently by, instead, learning to quickly (i.e. with a few steps of gradient descent) adapt to multiple tasks singularly. We show that the embeddings produced by our method can be used to perform multiple tasks with comparable or higher performance than classically trained models. Our method is model-agnostic and task-agnostic, thus applicable to a wide variety of multi-task domains. Speakers: Davide Buffelli, Fabio Vandin