Authors: Zhonghao Wang, Yunchao Wei, Rogerio Feris, Jinjun Xiong, Wen-mei Hwu, Thomas S. Huang, Honghui Shi Description: Utilizing synthetic data for semantic segmentation can significantly relieve human efforts in labelling pixel-level masks. A key challenge of this task is how to alleviate the data distribution discrepancy between the source and target domains, i.e. reducing domain shift. The common approach to this problem is to minimize the discrepancy between feature distributions from different domains through adversarial training. However, directly aligning the feature distribution globally cannot guarantee consistency from a local view (i.e. semantic-level). To tackle this issue, we propose a semi-supervised approach named Alleviating Semantic-level Shift (ASS), which can promote the distribution consistency from both global and local views. We apply our ASS to two domain adaptation tasks, from GTA5 to Cityscapes and from Synthia to Cityscapes. Extensive experiments demonstrate that: (1) ASS can significantly outperform the current unsupervised state-of-the-arts by employing a small number of annotated samples from the target domain; (2) ASS can beat the oracle model trained on the whole target dataset by over 3 points by augmenting the synthetic source data with annotated samples from the target domain without suffering from the prevalent problem of overfitting to the source domain.