Attack to Explain Deep Representation

CVPR 2020

Attack to Explain Deep Representation

Sep 29, 2020
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Authors: Mohammad A. A. K. Jalwana, Naveed Akhtar, Mohammed Bennamoun, Ajmal Mian Description: Deep visual models are susceptible to extremely low magnitude perturbations to input images. Though carefully crafted, the perturbation patterns generally appear noisy, yet they are able to perform controlled manipulation of model predictions. This observation is used to argue that deep representation is misaligned with human perception. This paper counter-argues and proposes the first attack on deep learning that aims at explaining the learned representation instead of fooling it. By extending the input domain of the manipulative signal and employing a model faithful channelling, we iteratively accumulate adversarial perturbations for a deep model. The accumulated signal gradually manifests itself as a collection of visually salient features of the target label (in model fooling), casting adversarial perturbations as primitive features of the target label. Our attack provides the first demonstration of systematically computing perturbations for adversarially non-robust classifiers that comprise salient visual features of objects. We leverage the model explaining character of our algorithm to perform image generation, inpainting and interactive image manipulation by attacking adversarially robust classifiers. The visually appealing results across these applications demonstrate the utility of our attack (and perturbations in general) beyond model fooling.

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