Author Interview: SayCan - Do As I Can, Not As I Say: Grounding Language in Robotic Affordances

Author Interview: SayCan - Do As I Can, Not As I Say: Grounding Language in Robotic Affordances

May 12, 2022
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#saycan #robots #ai This is an interview with the authors Brian Ichter, Karol Hausman, and Fei Xia. Original Paper Review Video: https://youtu.be/Ru23eWAQ6_E Large Language Models are excellent at generating plausible plans in response to real-world problems, but without interacting with the environment, they have no abilities to estimate which of these plans are feasible or appropriate. SayCan combines the semantic capabilities of language models with a bank of low-level skills, which are available to the agent as individual policies to execute. SayCan automatically finds the best policy to execute by considering a trade-off between the policy's ability to progress towards the goal, given by the language model, and the policy's probability of executing successfully, given by the respective value function. The result is a system that can generate and execute long-horizon action sequences in the real world to fulfil complex tasks. OUTLINE: 0:00 - Introduction & Setup 3:40 - Acquiring atomic low-level skills 7:45 - How does the language model come in? 11:45 - Why are you scoring instead of generating? 15:20 - How do you deal with ambiguity in language? 20:00 - The whole system is modular 22:15 - Going over the full algorithm 23:20 - What if an action fails? 24:30 - Debunking a marketing video :) 27:25 - Experimental Results 32:50 - The insane scale of data collection 40:15 - How do you go about large-scale projects? 43:20 - Where did things go wrong? 45:15 - Where do we go from here? 52:00 - What is the largest unsolved problem in this? 53:35 - Thoughts on the Tesla Bot 55:00 - Final thoughts Paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/2204.01691 Website: https://say-can.github.io/ Abstract: Large language models can encode a wealth of semantic knowledge about the world. Such knowledge could be extremely useful to robots aiming to act upon high-level, temporally extended instructions expressed in natural language. However, a significant weakness of language models is that they lack real-world experience, which makes it difficult to leverage them for decision making within a given embodiment. For example, asking a language model to describe how to clean a spill might result in a reasonable narrative, but it may not be applicable to a particular agent, such as a robot, that needs to perform this task in a particular environment. We propose to provide real-world grounding by means of pretrained skills, which are used to constrain the model to propose natural language actions that are both feasible and contextually appropriate. The robot can act as the language model's "hands and eyes," while the language model supplies high-level semantic knowledge about the task. We show how low-level skills can be combined with large language models so that the language model provides high-level knowledge about the procedures for performing complex and temporally-extended instructions, while value functions associated with these skills provide the grounding necessary to connect this knowledge to a particular physical environment. We evaluate our method on a number of real-world robotic tasks, where we show the need for real-world grounding and that this approach is capable of completing long-horizon, abstract, natural language instructions on a mobile manipulator. The project's website and the video can be found at this https URL Authors: Michael Ahn, Anthony Brohan, Noah Brown, Yevgen Chebotar, Omar Cortes, Byron David, Chelsea Finn, Keerthana Gopalakrishnan, Karol Hausman, Alex Herzog, Daniel Ho, Jasmine Hsu, Julian Ibarz, Brian Ichter, Alex Irpan, Eric Jang, Rosario Jauregui Ruano, Kyle Jeffrey, Sally Jesmonth, Nikhil J Joshi, Ryan Julian, Dmitry Kalashnikov, Yuheng Kuang, Kuang-Huei Lee, Sergey Levine, Yao Lu, Linda Luu, Carolina Parada, Peter Pastor, Jornell Quiambao, Kanishka Rao, Jarek Rettinghouse, Diego Reyes, Pierre Sermanet, Nicolas Sievers, Clayton Tan, Alexander Toshev, Vincent Vanhoucke, Fei Xia, Ted Xiao, Peng Xu, Sichun Xu, Mengyuan Yan Links: TabNine Code Completion (Referral): http://bit.ly/tabnine-yannick YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/yannickilcher Twitter: https://twitter.com/ykilcher Discord: https://discord.gg/4H8xxDF BitChute: https://www.bitchute.com/channel/yannic-kilcher LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/ykilcher BiliBili: https://space.bilibili.com/2017636191 If you want to support me, the best thing to do is to share out the content :) If you want to support me financially (completely optional and voluntary, but a lot of people have asked for this): SubscribeStar: https://www.subscribestar.com/yannickilcher Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/yannickilcher Bitcoin (BTC): bc1q49lsw3q325tr58ygf8sudx2dqfguclvngvy2cq Ethereum (ETH): 0x7ad3513E3B8f66799f507Aa7874b1B0eBC7F85e2 Litecoin (LTC): LQW2TRyKYetVC8WjFkhpPhtpbDM4Vw7r9m Monero (XMR): 4ACL8AGrEo5hAir8A9CeVrW8pEauWvnp1WnSDZxW7tziCDLhZAGsgzhRQABDnFy8yuM9fWJDviJPHKRjV4FWt19CJZN9D4n

0:00 - Introduction & Setup 3:40 - Acquiring atomic low-level skills 7:45 - How does the language model come in? 11:45 - Why are you scoring instead of generating? 15:20 - How do you deal with ambiguity in language? 20:00 - The whole system is modular 22:15 - Going over the full algorithm 23:20 - What if an action fails? 24:30 - Debunking a marketing video :) 27:25 - Experimental Results 32:50 - The insane scale of data collection 40:15 - How do you go about large-scale projects? 43:20 - Where did things go wrong? 45:15 - Where do we go from here? 52:00 - What is the largest unsolved problem in this? 53:35 - Thoughts on the Tesla Bot 55:00 - Final thoughts
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