Context Gates for Neural Machine Translation

ACL 2017

Context Gates for Neural Machine Translation

Jan 21, 2021
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Abstract: In neural machine translation (NMT), generation of a target word depends on both source and target contexts. We find that source contexts have a direct impact on the adequacy of a translation while target contexts affect the fluency. Intuitively, generation of a content word should rely more on the source context and generation of a functional word should rely more on the target context. Due to the lack of effective control over the influence from source and target contexts, conventional NMT tends to yield fluent but inadequate translations. To address this problem, we propose context gates which dynamically control the ratios at which source and target contexts contribute to the generation of target words. In this way, we can enhance both the adequacy and fluency of NMT with more careful control of the information flow from contexts. Experiments show that our approach significantly improves upon a standard attention-based NMT system by +2.3 BLEU points. Authors: Zhaopeng Tu, Yang Liu, Zhengdong Lu, Xiaohua Liu, Hang Li (Huawei Technologies, Tsinghua University)

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