Dealing with Scarce Labelled Data: Semi-supervised Deep Learning with Mix Match for Covid-19 Detection Using Chest X-ray Images

ICPR 2020

Dealing with Scarce Labelled Data: Semi-supervised Deep Learning with Mix Match for Covid-19 Detection Using Chest X-ray Images

Feb 24, 2021
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Abstract: Coronavirus (Covid-19) is spreading fast, infecting people through contact in various forms including droplets from sneezing and coughing. Therefore, the detection of infected subjects in an early, quick and cheap manner is urgent. Currently available tests are scarce and limited to people in danger of serious illness. The application of deep learning to chest X-ray images for Covid-19 detection is an attractive approach. However, this technology usually relies on the availability of large labelled datasets, a requirement hard to meet in the context of a virus outbreak. To overcome this challenge, a semi-supervised deep learning model using both labelled and unlabelled data is proposed. We develop and test a semi-supervised deep learning framework based on the Mix Match architecture to classify chest X-rays into Covid-19, pneumonia and healthy cases. The presented approach was calibrated using two publicly available datasets. The results show an accuracy increase of around 15% under low labelled / unlabelled data ratio. This indicates that our semi-supervised framework can help improve performance levels towards Covid-19 detection when the amount of high-quality labelled data is scarce. Also, we introduce a semi-supervised deep learning boost coefficient which is meant to ease the scalability of our approach and performance comparison.Coronavirus (Covid-19) is spreading fast, infecting people through contact in various forms including droplets from sneezing and coughing. Therefore, the detection of infected subjects in an early, quick and cheap manner is urgent. Currently available tests are scarce and limited to people in danger of serious illness. The application of deep learning to chest X-ray images for Covid-19 detection is an attractive approach. However, this technology usually relies on the availability of large labelled datasets, a requirement hard to meet in the context of a virus outbreak. To overcome this challenge, a semi-supervised deep learning model using both labelled and unlabelled data is proposed. We develop and test a semi-supervised deep learning framework based on the Mix Match architecture to classify chest X-rays into Covid-19, pneumonia and healthy cases. The presented approach was calibrated using two publicly available datasets. The results show an accuracy increase of around 15% under low labelled / unlabelled data ratio. This indicates that our semi-supervised framework can help improve performance levels towards Covid-19 detection when the amount of high-quality labelled data is scarce. Also, we introduce a semi-supervised deep learning boost coefficient which is meant to ease the scalability of our approach and performance comparison. Authors: Saul Calderon-Ramirez, Raghvendra Giri, Shengxiang Yang, Armaghan Moemeni k, Mario Umana, David Elizondo, Jordina Torrents-Barrena, Miguel A. Molina-Cabello (De Montfort University)

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