Global Optimality for Point Set Registration Using Semidefinite Programming

CVPR 2020

Global Optimality for Point Set Registration Using Semidefinite Programming

Sep 29, 2020
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Authors: José Pedro Iglesias, Carl Olsson, Fredrik Kahl Description: In this paper we present a study of global optimality conditions for Point Set Registration (PSR) with missing data. PSR is the problem of aligning multiple point clouds with an unknown target point cloud. Since non-linear rotation constraints are present the problem is inherently non-convex and typically relaxed by computing the Lagrange dual, which is a Semidefinite Program (SDP). In this work we show that given a local minimizer the dual variables of the SDP can be computed in closed form. This opens up the possibility of verifying the optimally, using the SDP formulation without explicitly solving it. In addition it allows us to study under what conditions the relaxation is tight, through spectral analysis. We show that if the errors in the (unknown) optimal solution are bounded the SDP formulation will be able to recover it.

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