Abstract: Over the past few years there is a growing interest in the learning-based self driving system. To ensure safety, such systems are first developed and validated in simulators before being deployed in the real world. However, most of the existing driving simulators only contain a fixed set of scenes and a limited number of configurable settings. That might easily cause the overfitting issue for the learning-based driving systems as well as the lack of their generalization ability to unseen scenarios. To better evaluate and improve the generalization of end-to-end driving, we introduce an open-ended and highly configurable driving simulator called PGDrive, following a key feature of procedural generation. Diverse road networks are first generated by the proposed generation algorithm via sampling from elementary road blocks. Then they are turned into interactive training environments where traffic flows of nearby vehicles with realistic kinematics are rendered. We validate that training with the increasing number of procedurally generated scenes significantly improves the generalization of the agent across scenarios of different traffic densities and road networks. Many applications such as multi-agent traffic simulation and safe driving benchmark can be further built upon the simulator.
Authors: Quanyi Li, Zhenghao Peng, Qihang Zhang, Chunxiao Liu, Bolei Zhou (The Chinese University of Hong Kong, SenseTime Research, Zhejiang University)