InstaHide: Instance-hiding Schemes for Private Distributed Learning

ICML 2020

InstaHide: Instance-hiding Schemes for Private Distributed Learning

Jul 12, 2020
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How can multiple distributed entities collaboratively train a shared deep net on their private data while preserving privacy? This paper introduces InstaHide, a simple encryption of training images, which can be plugged into existing distributed deep learning pipelines. The encryption is efficient and applying it during training has minor effect on test accuracy. InstaHide encrypts each training image with a "one-time secret key" which consists of mixing a number of randomly chosen images and applying a random pixel-wise mask. Other contributions of this paper include: (a) Using a large public dataset (e.g. ImageNet) for mixing during its encryption, which improves security. (b) Experimental results to show effectiveness in preserving privacy against known attacks with only minor effects on accuracy. (c) Theoretical analysis showing that successfully attacking privacy requires attackers to solve a difficult computational problem. (d) Demonstrating that use of the pixel-wise mask is important for security, since Mixup alone is shown to be insecure to some some efficient attacks. (e) Release of a challenge dataset https://github.com/Hazelsuko07/InstaHide_Challenge Our code is available at https://github.com/Hazelsuko07/InstaHide Speakers: Yangsibo Huang, Zhao Song, Sanjeev Arora, Kai Li

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