Authors: Arif Ahmed Sekh, Ida Sundvor Opstad, Åsa Birna Birgisdottir, Truls Myrmel, Balpreet Singh Ahluwalia, Krishna Agarwal, Dilip K. Prasad Description: Detecting and analyzing nanoscale motion patterns of vesicles, smaller than the microscope resolution (~250 nm), inside living biological cells is a challenging problem. State-of-the-art CV approaches based on detection, tracking, optical flow or deep learning perform poorly for this problem. We propose an integrative approach, built upon physics based simulations, nanoscopy algorithms, and shallow residual attention network to make it possible for the first time to analysis sub-resolution motion patterns in vesicles that may also be of sub-resolution diameter. Our results show state-of-the-art performance, 89% validation accuracy on simulated dataset and 82% testing accuracy on an experimental dataset of living heart muscle cells imaged under three different pathological conditions. We demonstrate automated analysis of the motion states and changed in them for over 9000 vesicles. Such analysis will enable large scale biological studies of vesicle transport and interaction in living cells in the future.