Meta-Gradients in Reinforcement Learning | Dr. Tomas Zahavy @DeepMind
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The race is on, we are on a collective mission to understand and create artificial general intelligence. Dr. Tom Zahavy, a Research Scientist at DeepMind thinks that reinforcement learning is the most general learning framework that we have today, and in his opinion it could lead to artificial general intelligence. He thinks there are no tasks which could not be solved by simply maximising a reward. Back in 2012 when Tom was an undergraduate, before the deep learning revolution he attended an online lecture on how CNNs automaticaly discover representations. This was an epiphany for Tom. He decided in that very moment that he was going to become an ML researcher. Tom's view is that the ability to recognise patterns and discover structure is the most important aspect of intelligence. This has been his quest ever since. He is particularly focused on using diversity preservation and metagradients to discover this structure. In this discussion we dive deep into meta gradients in reinforcement learning. Related readings: Transcript: https://docs.google.com/document/d/142599ttt1O7gWed45_uGKlp1D8iVNkYeLF9waNgpgtA/edit?usp=sharing Meta-Policy Gradients: A Survey [Robert Lange] https://roberttlange.github.io/posts/2020/12/meta-policy-gradients/ A Self-Tuning Actor-Critic Algorithm [Tom Zahavy et al] https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.12928 Graying the black box: Understanding DQNs [Zahavy et al] https://utstat.toronto.edu/droy/icml16/publish/zahavy16.pdf Is a picture worth a thousand words? [Tom Zahavy et al] https://arxiv.org/abs/1611.09534 Diversity is All You Need: Learning Skills without a Reward Function [Benjamin Eysenbach et al] https://arxiv.org/abs/1802.06070 Evolutionary principles in self-referential learning [Jürgen Schmidhuber] https://people.idsia.ch//~juergen/diploma.html Learn What Not to Learn: Action Elimination with Deep Reinforcement Learning [Tom Zahavy et al] https://arxiv.org/abs/1809.02121 Training Learned Optimizers with Randomly Initialized Learned Optimizers [Luke Metz et al] https://arxiv.org/pdf/2101.07367.pdf A Deep Hierarchical Approach to Lifelong Learning in Minecraft [Chen Tessler, ..Tom Zahavy et al] https://arxiv.org/abs/1604.07255 MUTUAL INFORMATION STATE INTRINSIC CONTROL [Rui Zhao et al] https://openreview.net/pdf?id=OthEq8I5v1 Mutual Information-based State-Control for Intrinsically Motivated Reinforcement Learning [Rui Zhao et al] https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.01963 Rainbow: Combining Improvements in Deep Reinforcement Learning [Matteo Hessel et al] https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.02298 Variational Intrinsic Control https://arxiv.org/abs/1611.07507 Meta-Gradient Reinforcement Learning [Zhongwen Xu et al] https://arxiv.org/abs/1805.09801 On Learning Intrinsic Rewards for Policy Gradient Methods [Zeyu Zheng, Junhyuk Oh, Satinder Singh] https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.06459 Visuals and music: melodysheep Please support them on patreon and buy their soundtrack as we did @ https://melodysheep.bandcamp.com/album/life-beyond-chapter-1-original-soundtrack LIFE BEYOND: Chapter 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SUelbSa-OkA Keep in mind that MLST is 100% non-monetized, non-commercial and educational

00:00:00 Tim Introduction 00:07:15 Main show kick off 00:09:27 On meta gradients 00:11:43 Taxonomy of meta gradient methods developed in recent years 00:13:58 Why don’t you just do one big learning run? 00:16:01 Transfer learning / life long learning 00:17:55 Does the meta algorithm also have hyperparameters? 00:19:45 Are monolithic learning architectures bad then? 00:24:44 Why not have the learning agent (self-) modify its own parameters? 00:26:29 Learning optimizers using evolutionary approaches 00:28:24 Which parameters should we leave alone in meta optimization? 00:30:42 Evolutionary methods are great in this space! Diversity preservation 00:33:25 Approaches to divergence, intrinsic control 00:35:55 How to decide on parameters to optimise and build a meta learning framework 00:39:32 Proxy models to move from discrete domain to differentiable domain 00:43:35 Multi lifetime training -- picking environments 00:46:07 2016 Minecraft paper 00:49:54 Lifelong learning 00:52:09 Corporations are real world AIs. Could we recognise non-human AGIs? 00:55:09 Tim invokes Francois Chollet, of course! 00:56:57 But David Silver says that reward is all you need? 00:59:59 Program centric generalization 01:02:10 Sara Hooker -- The hardware lottery, JAX, Bitter Lesson 01:05:15 Concerning trends in the community right now? 01:06:47 Unexplored areas in ML research? 01:08:18 Should Ph.D Students be going into Meta Gradient work? 01:10:45 Is RL too hard for the average person to embark on? 01:15:16 People back in the 80s had a pretty good idea already, concept papers were cool 01:17:36 Non-stationary data, do you have to re-train the model all the time 01:19:16 Graying the Blackbox paper and visualizing the structure of DQNs with tSNE
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