Conventional neural message passing algorithms are invariant under permutation of the messages and hence forget how the information flows through the network. Studying the local symmetries of graphs, we propose a more general algorithm that uses different kernels on different edges, making the network equivariant to local and global graph isomorphisms and hence more expressive. Using elementary category theory, we formalize many distinct equivariant neural networks as natural networks, and show that their kernels are 'just' a natural transformation between two functors. We give one practical instantiation of a natural network on graphs which uses a equivariant message network parameterization, yielding good performance on several benchmarks.
Speakers: Pim de Haan, Taco Cohen, Max Welling