OpenAI tackles Math - Formal Mathematics Statement Curriculum Learning (Paper Explained)

OpenAI tackles Math - Formal Mathematics Statement Curriculum Learning (Paper Explained)

Mar 08, 2022
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#openai #math #imo Formal mathematics is a challenging area for both humans and machines. For humans, formal proofs require very tedious and meticulous specifications of every last detail and results in very long, overly cumbersome and verbose outputs. For machines, the discreteness and sparse reward nature of the problem presents a significant problem, which is classically tackled by brute force search, guided by a couple of heuristics. Previously, language models have been employed to better guide these proof searches and delivered significant improvements, but automated systems are still far from usable. This paper introduces another concept: An expert iteration procedure is employed to iteratively produce more and more challenging, but solvable problems for the machine to train on, which results in an automated curriculum, and a final algorithm that performs well above the previous models. OpenAI used this method to even solve two problems of the international math olympiad, which was previously infeasible for AI systems. OUTLINE: 0:00 - Intro 2:35 - Paper Overview 5:50 - How do formal proofs work? 9:35 - How expert iteration creates a curriculum 16:50 - Model, data, and training procedure 25:30 - Predicting proof lengths for guiding search 29:10 - Bootstrapping expert iteration 34:10 - Experimental evaluation & scaling properties 40:10 - Results on synthetic data 44:15 - Solving real math problems 47:15 - Discussion & comments Paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/2202.01344 miniF2F benchmark: https://github.com/openai/miniF2F Abstract: We explore the use of expert iteration in the context of language modeling applied to formal mathematics. We show that at same compute budget, expert iteration, by which we mean proof search interleaved with learning, dramatically outperforms proof search only. We also observe that when applied to a collection of formal statements of sufficiently varied difficulty, expert iteration is capable of finding and solving a curriculum of increasingly difficult problems, without the need for associated ground-truth proofs. Finally, by applying this expert iteration to a manually curated set of problem statements, we achieve state-of-the-art on the miniF2F benchmark, automatically solving multiple challenging problems drawn from high school olympiads. Authors: Stanislas Polu, Jesse Michael Han, Kunhao Zheng, Mantas Baksys, Igor Babuschkin, Ilya Sutskever Links: TabNine Code Completion (Referral): http://bit.ly/tabnine-yannick YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/yannickilcher Twitter: https://twitter.com/ykilcher Discord: https://discord.gg/4H8xxDF BitChute: https://www.bitchute.com/channel/yannic-kilcher LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/ykilcher BiliBili: https://space.bilibili.com/2017636191 If you want to support me, the best thing to do is to share out the content :) If you want to support me financially (completely optional and voluntary, but a lot of people have asked for this): SubscribeStar: https://www.subscribestar.com/yannickilcher Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/yannickilcher Bitcoin (BTC): bc1q49lsw3q325tr58ygf8sudx2dqfguclvngvy2cq Ethereum (ETH): 0x7ad3513E3B8f66799f507Aa7874b1B0eBC7F85e2 Litecoin (LTC): LQW2TRyKYetVC8WjFkhpPhtpbDM4Vw7r9m Monero (XMR): 4ACL8AGrEo5hAir8A9CeVrW8pEauWvnp1WnSDZxW7tziCDLhZAGsgzhRQABDnFy8yuM9fWJDviJPHKRjV4FWt19CJZN9D4n

0:00 - Intro 2:35 - Paper Overview 5:50 - How do formal proofs work? 9:35 - How expert iteration creates a curriculum 16:50 - Model, data, and training procedure 25:30 - Predicting proof lengths for guiding search 29:10 - Bootstrapping expert iteration 34:10 - Experimental evaluation & scaling properties 40:10 - Results on synthetic data 44:15 - Solving real math problems 47:15 - Discussion & comments
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