Probabilistic Structural Latent Representation for Unsupervised Embedding

CVPR 2020

Probabilistic Structural Latent Representation for Unsupervised Embedding

Sep 29, 2020
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Authors: Mang Ye, Jianbing Shen Description: Unsupervised embedding learning aims at extracting low-dimensional visually meaningful representations from large-scale unlabeled images, which can then be directly used for similarity-based search. This task faces two major challenges: 1) mining positive supervision from highly similar fine-grained classes and 2) generating to unseen testing categories. To tackle these issues, this paper proposes a probabilistic structural latent representation (PSLR), which incorporates an adaptable softmax embedding to approximate the positive concentrated and negative instance separated properties in the graph latent space. It improves the discriminability by enlarging the positive/negative difference without introducing any additional computational cost while maintaining high learning efficiency. To address the limited supervision using data augmentation, a smooth variational reconstruction loss is introduced by modeling the intra-instance variance, which improves the robustness. Extensive experiments demonstrate the superiority of PSLR over state-of-the-art unsupervised methods on both seen and unseen categories with cosine similarity. Code is available at \url{https://github.com/mangye16/PSLR}

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