Authors: Qibin Hou, Li Zhang, Ming-Ming Cheng, Jiashi Feng Description: Spatial pooling has been proven highly effective to capture long-range contextual information for pixel-wise prediction tasks, such as scene parsing. In this paper, beyond conventional spatial pooling that usually has a regular shape of NxN, we rethink the formulation of spatial pooling by introducing a new pooling strategy, called strip pooling, which considers a long but narrow kernel, i.e., 1xN or Nx1. Based on strip pooling, we further investigate spatial pooling architecture design by 1) introducing a new strip pooling module that enables backbone networks to efficiently model long-range dependencies. 2) presenting a novel building block with diverse spatial pooling as a core. and 3) systematically comparing the performance of the proposed strip pooling and conventional spatial pooling techniques. Both novel pooling-based designs are lightweight and can serve as an efficient plug-and-play modules in existing scene parsing networks. Extensive experiments on Cityscapes and ADE20K benchmarks demonstrate that our simple approach establishes new state-of-the-art results. Code is available at https://github.com/Andrew-Qibin/SPNet.