We give methods for Bayesian inference of directed acyclic graphs, DAGs, and the induced causal effects from passively observed complete data. Our methods build on a recent Markov chain Monte Carlo scheme for learning Bayesian networks, which enables efficient approximate sampling from the graph posterior, provided that each node is assigned a small number K of candidate parents. We present algorithmic tricks to significantly reduce the space and time requirements of the method, making it feasible to use substantially larger values of K. Furthermore, we investigate the problem of selecting the candidate parents per node so as to maximize the covered posterior mass. Finally, we combine our sampling method with a novel Bayesian approach for estimating causal effects in linear Gaussian DAG models. Numerical experiments demonstrate the performance of our methods in detecting ancestor-descendant relations, and in effect estimation our Bayesian method is shown to outperform existing approaches.
Speakers: Jussi Viinikka, Antti Hyttinen, Johan Pensar, Mikko Koivisto