Authors: Shunta Maeda Description: In most studies on learning-based image super-resolution (SR), the paired training dataset is created by downscaling high-resolution (HR) images with a predetermined operation (e.g., bicubic). However, these methods fail to super-resolve real-world low-resolution (LR) images, for which the degradation process is much more complicated and unknown. In this paper, we propose an unpaired SR method using a generative adversarial network that does not require a paired/aligned training dataset. Our network consists of an unpaired kernel/noise correction network and a pseudo-paired SR network. The correction network removes noise and adjusts the kernel of the inputted LR image. then, the corrected clean LR image is upscaled by the SR network. In the training phase, the correction network also produces a pseudo-clean LR image from the inputted HR image, and then a mapping from the pseudo-clean LR image to the inputted HR image is learned by the SR network in a paired manner. Because our SR network is independent of the correction network, well-studied existing network architectures and pixel-wise loss functions can be integrated with the proposed framework. Experiments on diverse datasets show that the proposed method is superior to existing solutions to the unpaired SR problem.