Unsupervised Learning of Depth, Optical Flow and Pose with Occlusion from 3D Geometry
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Abstract: In autonomous driving, monocular sequences contain lots of information. Monocular depth estimation, camera ego-motion estimation and optical flow estimation in consecutive frames are high-profile concerns recently. By analyzing tasks above, pixels in the middle frame are modeled into three parts: the rigid region, the non-rigid region, and the occluded region. In joint unsupervised training of depth and pose, we can segment the occluded region explicitly. The occlusion information is used in unsupervised learning of depth, pose and optical flow, as the image reconstructed by depth-pose and optical flow will be invalid in occluded regions. A less-than-mean mask is designed to further exclude the mismatched pixels interfered with by motion or illumination change in the training of depth and pose networks. This method is also used to exclude some trivial mismatched pixels in the training of the optical flow network. Maximum normalization is proposed for depth smoothness term to restrain depth degradation in textureless regions. In the occluded region, as depth and camera motion can provide more reliable motion estimation, they can be used to instruct unsupervised learning of optical flow. Our experiments in KITTI dataset demonstrate that the model based on three regions, full and explicit segmentation of the occlusion region, the rigid region, and the non-rigid region with corresponding unsupervised losses can improve performance on three tasks significantly. Authors: Guangming Wang, Chi Zhang, Hesheng Wang, Jingchuan Wang, Yong Wang, Xinlei Wang (Department of Automation, SJTU, Beijing Institute of Control Engineering; DeepBlue Academy of Sciences)